At the beginning of the new Roaring Twenties of the 21st century, the problem of abortion suddenly caused waves on both sides of the Atlantic. In Russia last year, Patriarch Kirill called abortion a sinful practice in cases where abnormalities in the development of the fetus are detected. Then the patriarch`s attitude became a little milder and he suggested that if there are medical reasons for terminating the pregnancy, a woman will be freed from sin, especially if she has other children. But by that time, Russian lawmakers had picked up the melody. Their absence from parliament will make it harder for feminists to slow the progress of a Putin-backed anti-abortion campaign, which has made improving Russia`s demographics a key pillar of his presidency. In Poland, the situation has recently worsened further. On the 22nd. In October, Poland`s Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional the 1993 Abortion Act, which allowed abortion in cases of deficiencies or serious and irreversible diseases of the fetus. The court`s decision states that abortion due to an incurable fetal disease is a eugenic and discriminatory practice against the unborn child.

Now, abortion in Poland is only allowed in cases of rape, incest or threats to the health and life of the mother, and these account for only about 2% of legal abortions in recent years, while 98% of legal abortions have been performed precisely because of a disease of the fetus. Immediately after this decision, which effectively banned abortion, massive protests erupted across the country. On October 31, about 100,000 people took to the streets in Warsaw – Poland had not seen such massive protests and power since 1989. As a result, the government decided to postpone the coming into force of the ban. In 1920, Soviet Russia became the first country in the world to legalize abortion. 100 years later, however, the world has experienced a noticeable regression on this issue. Not only in modern Russia, but also in countries like Poland and the United States, conservative forces are actively trying to ban abortion. According to lawyer Ekaterina Mishina, these efforts will have devastating consequences.

Other factors in the decline of abortion in Russia are the legalization of sterilization. Regulations on the sterilization of contraceptives had been in force since the 1930s, but were repealed in 1993. In the first seven years the practice was legal, nearly 100,000 women requested and received sterilizations. [29] This is a factor in the decline in rates of unwanted pregnancies in Russia. In 2003, it was the first time in fifty years that laws on access to abortion had been strengthened; Any other legislation in this area in the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation should make it easier for women to access it. [24] In 1991, the year of the fall of the Soviet Union, a record number of about 3,608,000 abortions were performed in Russia. This number has steadily decreased over the years, and in 2002 Russian doctors performed 1,802,000 abortions per year. This is a significant drop, but Russia still left behind the second highest rate of abortions per capita. [24] In 1955, two years after Stalin`s death, abortion was relegalized in the Soviet Union and is still legal in Russia today, although various nationalist organizations are trying to criminalize it again. “If we don`t ban abortion, we can`t increase our population, and how can Russia maintain its strength and greatness without it?” asked Maria Studenikina, an organizer of Moscow`s For Life faction.

The group`s shoe project, titled “If only they could go to school,” has been carried out in 40 cities across Russia in recent months. The shoes are accompanied by blackboards, backpacks for cheerful children and pasty fetal dolls. Russia, which has one of the highest abortion rates in the world, has made reducing abortion one of its top population policy priorities. Over the past five years, abortions have dropped by nearly 30 percent, Deputy Health Minister Oleg Salagai said Tuesday. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, heads of government campaigned for the construction of a new society in which men and women would have equal rights and opportunities, full employment, and free health care and education. Through new laws, they introduced divorce at the request of one of the spouses, abolished the legal concept of illegitimacy and quickly recognized cohabitation as the legal equivalent of civil marriage. It was the most liberating legislation for women the world has ever seen. She cited massive protests in Poland, an EU country that earlier this year announced an almost complete ban on abortion. The consequences of an abortion ban are still devastating, long-lasting and completely different from what supporters of the ban expect. First of all, it always leads to an increase in the number of abortions, as happened in the Soviet Union after the abortion ban of 1936: by 1939 their number had increased by more than 150,000 compared to 1937.

As a result of illegal abortions, which are often performed in unsanitary conditions, a large number of women die or can no longer have children.