Tail amputation was illegal in Scotland until 2017, but the ban was later changed to allow veterinarians to shorten the tail of spaniels and HPR breeds by a third. A: Tail amputation is painful.25 The intensity or duration of pain under ideal or typical circumstances is difficult to quantify. Painful procedures performed during the neonatal period, when the nervous system is vulnerable, can lead to long-term negative changes that affect how pain is treated and perceived later in life.26,27 Tail amputation is a term used to describe cutting off the tip or tip of a dog`s tail. It involves cutting between the tail bones to shorten its length, and the amount of tail cut or “docked” depends on why it is removed in the first place. Tail amputation is a surgical procedure recommended by a veterinarian, regardless of the age of the dog. It is also known as tail amputation, although only part of the tail is removed. Mooring is illegal or restricted in many countries. Three provincial veterinary associations banning ear cultures are open to a future ban on tail amputation: In the past, tail amputation was thought to prevent rabies, strengthen the back, increase the animal`s speed, and prevent injuries during rattling, fighting, and baiting.  Those who break the law in Scotland face a fine of £5,000 and/or six months in prison.
It is also a criminal offence to transport a puppy out of Scotland just to dock its tail. In England and Wales, cutting ears is illegal and no dog with severed ears can attend a Kennel Club event (including agility and other non-conformational events). Tail amputation is also illegal, with the exception of certain working breeds; This exemption applies only if it is carried out by a licensed veterinarian. Q: Is it irresponsible of me to work a sweater without a moored tail? After months of searching for English Springer spaniels, I am about to find a reputable breeder. I would like to have a show jumping rider, but I would like to train him to hunt and recover. If I find suitable show dogs, they do not have a moored tail. Would it be irresponsible of me to work a jumper with a full tail? Spaniels bred with long tails regularly work in the field. Whenever a spaniel deals with blackberries or thorns, it risks injuring all parts of its body, not just its tail. The mooring has been condemned by the American Veterinary Medical Association, the American Animal Hospital Association and the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association.  These organizations also called on breeding organizations to remove mooring from all breed standards.
Tail docking can also cause the dog unnecessary and preventable chronic pain and tension in the long run. For example, if a chronic neuroma forms at the amputation site. Neuromas are often very painful. Tail amputation involves removing part of a dog`s tail. This has always been a controversial issue and in recent years tail amputation – with the exception of certain breeds – has been banned in England, Wales and Scotland. The procedure can no longer be performed for cosmetic purposes, but is legal for some working dogs. Some breeds of dogs in which you can see moored tails are: Doberman Pinscher, Rottweiler, various spaniels, Yorkshire terriers, German shorthair pointers, poodles, Schnauzers, Viszlas, Irish Terriers, Airedale Terriers and others. Maryland and Pennsylvania are the only states that have regulations that limit dog tail amputation. Pennsylvania prohibits docking the tail of a dog older than 5 days.
The law does not prohibit a veterinarian from performing tail amputation if the dog is at least 12 weeks old and the veterinarian uses anesthesia. Between 5 days and 12 weeks, tail amputation can only be performed if a licensed veterinarian deems it medically necessary. Maryland law provides that only veterinarians can perform the procedure under anesthesia and only when appropriate. The Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (RCVS), the regulatory body for veterinarians in the UK, said it considers tail amputation to be “unwarranted and unethical mutilation unless performed for acceptable therapeutic or prophylactic reasons.”  In 1995, a veterinarian was brought before the RCVS Disciplinary Board for “shameful professional conduct” in the practice of cosmetic wearing. The surgeon claimed that the docking was done to prevent future injuries, and the case was dismissed for lack of evidence. Although cosmetic berthing is still considered unacceptable by the RCVS, no further disciplinary action has been taken against veterinarians mooring. Historically, puppies had docked their tails as newborns because the ancient Romans thought it would prevent rabies and make them better at hunting. We know that there is no factual evidence to support these claims, so today this is usually done on puppies for one of two reasons: appearance or to avoid injury. Some breeds of dogs are known to have a certain appearance, and sometimes tail amputation is done to achieve this appearance. The AVMA has long campaigned against this justification of dog tail amputation.
H. Lee Robinson argues that reported concerns about tail amputation have no empirical evidence and are mostly supported by animal rights activists who lack experience with working dogs. Robinson suggests that docking the tail of working dogs to about half a length offers the benefits of injury prevention and infection prevention while maintaining a tail length sufficient to be used for social communication.  However, Robinson is not a veterinarian or researcher, but the owner of American Sentinel K9, which earns income from dogs that have been docked. Here is the law on tail amputation for dogs in the UK. While the tails of some working dogs are moored to prevent injury or infection, the tails of larger dogs, commonly used for guard or protection work (not to be confused with patrol work where a dog handler can provide secondary assistance) can be moored to prevent their tails from being grasped during a fight.